Surgical Decompression for Space-Occupying Cerebral Infarction
Outcomes at 3 Years in the Randomized HAMLET Trial
Background and Purpose—We assessed whether the effects of surgical decompression for space-occupying hemispheric infarction, observed at 1 year, are sustained at 3 years.
Methods—Patients with space-occupying hemispheric infarction, who were enrolled in the Hemicraniectomy After Middle cerebral artery infarction with Life-threatening Edema Trial within 4 days after stroke onset, were followed up at 3 years. Outcome measures included functional outcome (modified Rankin Scale), death, quality of life, and place of residence. Poor functional outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale >3.
Results—Of 64 included patients, 32 were randomized to decompressive surgery and 32 to best medical treatment. Just as at 1 year, surgery had no effect on the risk of poor functional outcome at 3 years (absolute risk reduction, 1%; 95% confidence interval, −21 to 22), but it reduced case fatality (absolute risk reduction, 37%; 95% confidence interval, 14–60). Sixteen surgically treated patients and 8 controls lived at home (absolute risk reduction, 27%; 95% confidence interval, 4–50). Quality of life improved between 1 and 3 years in patients treated with surgery.
Conclusions—In patients with space-occupying hemispheric infarction, the effects of decompressive surgery on case fatality and functional outcome observed at 1 year are sustained at 3 years.
- decompressive surgery
- malignant cerebral infarction
- space-occupying hemispheric infarction
- Received May 1, 2013.
- Accepted June 3, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.