Endovascular Therapy for Asymptomatic Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysms
JR-NET and JR-NET2 Findings
Background and Purpose—National registration studies (the Japanese Registry of Neuroendovascular Therapy [JR-NET] and JR-NET2) have determined the current status and outcomes of neuroendovascular therapy (neuro-EVT). We analyzed short-term outcomes of EVT for asymptomatic unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs).
Methods—We extracted periprocedural information about EVT for 4767 asymptomatic UIAs from 31 968 registered procedural records of all EVT in the JR-NET and JR-NET2 databases. We assessed the features of the aneurysms and procedures, immediate radiographic findings, procedure-related complications, and clinical outcomes at 30 days after the procedures.
Results—We located 80.0% of UIAs in the anterior circulation, and the most frequent were paraclinoid. The diameter of 2.5%, 32.9%, 51.9%, 12.0%, and 0.7% of the UIAs was <3, 3 to 4, 5 to 9, 10 to 19, and >20 mm, respectively. EVT failed in only 2.1%. Adjunctive techniques were applied in 54.8% of procedures. Pre- and postprocedural antiplatelet agents were prescribed in 85.6% and 84.0%, respectively, of the procedures. The immediate radiographic outcomes of 57.7%, 31.9%, and 10.0% of the UIAs comprised complete occlusion, residual necks, and residual aneurysms, respectively. Complications that were associated with 9.1% of procedures comprised 2.0% hemorrhagic and 4.6% ischemic, and the 30-day morbidity and mortality rates were 2.12% and 0.31%, respectively.
Conclusions—The radiographic results of EVT for asymptomatic UIAs in Japan were acceptable, with low mortality and morbidity rates.
- endovascular procedures
- intracranial aneurysm
- treatment outcome
- unruptured aneurysm
- Received January 3, 2013.
- Revision received June 17, 2013.
- Accepted June 24, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.