Low Glomerular Filtration Rate, Recurrent Stroke Risk, and Effect of Renin–Angiotensin System Modulation
Background and Purpose—To investigate the association of low estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min with recurrent stroke risk and to evaluate whether add-on renin–angiotensin system modulator therapy is associated with lower recurrent stroke risk in patients with low eGFR.
Methods—We analyzed the database of a multicenter trial involving 18 666 patients with recent ischemic stroke followed for 2.5 years. Primary outcome was time to first recurrent stroke. Independent associations of low eGFR with outcome in the entire cohort and add-on telmisartan treatment with outcome among those with low eGFR were evaluated.
Results—Low eGFR was observed in 3630 (20.1%) patients. Patients with low eGFR were older, more likely women, with a known history of hypertension. In unadjusted analyses, patients with low eGFR were more likely to experience a recurrent stroke (hazard ratio, 1.34; 95% confidence interval, 1.20–1.49). After adjusting for confounders, low eGFR was still associated with recurrent stroke but to a lesser extent (hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.04–1.31). Telmisartan treatment among patients with low eGFR was not independently associated with recurrent stroke (hazard ratio, 1.08; 95% confidence interval, 0.89–1.31).
Conclusions—Low eGFR is independently associated with a higher risk of recurrent stroke, but short-term add-on telmisartan therapy does not seem to mitigate this risk.
- glomerular filtration rate
- myocardial infarction
- renal insufficiency, chronic
- renin–angiotensin system
- Received June 12, 2013.
- Accepted August 7, 2013.
- © 2013 American Heart Association, Inc.