Addition of Hyperacute MRI Aids in Patient Selection, Decreasing the Use of Endovascular Stroke Therapy
Background and Purpose—The failure of recent trials to show the effectiveness of acute endovascular stroke therapy (EST) may be because of inadequate patient selection. We implemented a protocol to perform pretreatment MRI on patients with large-vessel occlusion eligible for EST to aid in patient selection.
Methods—We retrospectively identified patients with large-vessel occlusion considered for EST from January 2008 to August 2012. Patients before April 30, 2010, were selected based on computed tomography/computed tomography angiography (prehyperacute protocol), whereas patients on or after April 30, 2010, were selected based on computed tomography/computed tomography angiography and MRI (hyperacute MRI protocol). Demographic, clinical features, and outcomes were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed.
Results—We identified 267 patients: 88 patients in prehyperacute MRI period and 179 in hyperacute MRI period. Fewer patients evaluated in the hyperacute MRI period received EST (85 of 88, 96.6% versus 92 of 179, 51.7%; P<0.05). The hyperacute-MRI group had a more favorable outcome of a modified Rankin scale 0 to 2 at 30 days as a group (6 of 66, 9.1% versus 33 of 140, 23.6%; P=0.01), and when taken for EST (6 of 63, 9.5% versus 17 of 71, 23.9%; P=0.03). On adjusted multivariate analysis, the EST in the hyperacute MRI period was associated with a more favorable outcome (odds ratio, 3.4; 95% confidence interval, 1.1–10.6; P=0.03) and reduced mortality rate (odds ratio, 0.16; 95% confidence interval, 0.03–0.37; P<0.001).
Conclusions—Implementation of hyperacute MRI protocol decreases the number of endovascular stroke interventions by half. Further investigation of MRI use for patient selection is warranted.
- Received October 18, 2013.
- Revision received November 26, 2013.
- Accepted November 26, 2013.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.