Statins Improve Survival in Patients With Cardioembolic Stroke
Background and Purpose—The objective of this study was to investigate the potential benefits of statin therapy on mortality and stroke recurrence after cardioembolic stroke.
Methods—In this retrospective observational study, we analyzed data from 535 patients with first-ever cardioembolic stroke. Patients were classified into nonstatin, low-potency statin, and high-potency statin groups. The primary outcomes were time to mortality and time to recurrent stroke.
Results—The mean duration of follow-up was 22.2 months. The cumulative mortality rate was 7% at the end of the first year and 10% at the end of the third year. Statin therapy was independently associated with reduced mortality (hazard ratio, 0.237; 95% confidence interval, 0.080–0.703 for nonstatin versus low-potency statin; hazard ratio, 0.158; 95% confidence interval, 0.037–0.686 for nonstatin versus high-potency statin). Statin treatment did not affect the incidence of recurrent stroke in patients with cardioembolic stroke.
Conclusions—Statin therapy could be associated with reduced mortality in patients with cardioembolic stroke.
- Received March 17, 2014.
- Accepted April 11, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.