Natural History and Outcome After Treatment of Unruptured Intradural Fusiform Aneurysms
Background and Purpose—Management of unruptured fusiform intracranial aneurysms is controversial because of the paucity of natural history data. We studied their natural history and outcome after treatment.
Methods—We reviewed our neurovascular database from January 2000 to October 2013. Inclusion criteria were unruptured, intradural fusiform aneurysms with a diameter of <2.5 cm. Criteria were developed to define atherosclerotic aneurysms. For outcome assessment, we used the modified Ranking Scale and aneurysm measurements on serial imaging. Mann–Whittney (continuous) and Fisher exact (categorical) tests were used for risk factor analysis.
Results—For nonatherosclerotic aneurysms (96 patients; 193 person-years follow-up), 1 patient died (rupture) during follow-up (mortality, 0.51% per year) and 8 patients (10%) showed aneurysm progression (risk, 1.6% per year). Risk factors for progression were maximum diameter (>7 mm; odds ratio, 12; 95% confidence interval, 1.4–104) and symptomatic clinical presentation (odds ratio, 16; 95% confidence interval, 3.1–81.4). Of the 23 treated patients, 3 had died (mortality, 12.5%) and 3 had serious disability (modified Ranking Scale, ≥3; 12.5%). For the atherosclerotic aneurysms (25 patients; 97 person-years follow-up), 5 had died (mortality, 5.2% per year) and 13 of 20 (65%) had aneurysm progression (risk, 12% per year). When compared with patients with nonatherosclerotic aneurysms, case fatality (odds ratio, 19.2; 95% confidence interval, 2.1–172) and aneurysm progression (odds ratio, 17.8; 95% confidence interval, 5.3–56) were higher.
Conclusions—Nonatherosclerotic fusiform intradural aneurysms have a low risk of adverse outcome within the first few years after diagnosis and remain stable unless symptomatic on presentation or >7 mm in maximum diameter. High risks of treatment should be balanced against this benign natural history. Atherosclerotic aneurysms have a worse natural history and may represent a different disease entity.
- Received June 3, 2014.
- Revision received July 28, 2014.
- Accepted August 19, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.