Clinical Outcomes of Carotid Endarterectomy in Patients With Carotid Artery Tandem Lesions
Background and Purpose—When carotid artery tandem lesions are present, the benefits of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) to reduce recurrent stroke remain uncertain. The present retrospective cohort study aimed to determine the clinical outcomes of CEA for carotid artery tandem stenosis that was diagnosed by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography.
Methods—Six hundred forty-seven consecutive patients underwent CEA between January 2001 and December 2010. Tandem stenosis, defined as a significant carotid bifurcation stenosis and identifiable stenosis of ≥50% of any downstream distal cerebral artery, was identified in 92 patients (14.2%) by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography. Patients with and without tandem stenosis were compared in terms of CEA outcomes. The primary end point was the composite of any stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during the periprocedural period or ipsilateral stroke within 4 years after CEA.
Results—Tandem stenosis did not associate with ipsilateral stroke during postoperative follow-up. The 2 groups did not differ in terms of estimated 4-year primary end point rates (8.7% versus 3.8%; P=0.07) or ipsilateral stroke-free (P=0.56), any stroke-free (P=0.89), or overall survival (P=0.41) rates.
Conclusions—After diagnosis by contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography, patients with and without tandem stenosis had similar rates of stroke and death.
- Received August 21, 2014.
- Revision received August 27, 2014.
- Accepted August 28, 2014.
- © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.