Hypothermic Neuroprotection Is Associated With Recovery of Spectral Edge Frequency After Asphyxia in Preterm Fetal Sheep
Background and Purpose—Electroencephalographic recovery is predictive of outcome after perinatal hypoxia–ischemia, but it is unknown whether early changes in electroencephalographic can predict the response to therapeutic hypothermia in the preterm brain.
Methods—0.7 gestation fetal sheep received umbilical cord occlusion or sham occlusion for 25 minutes, followed by sham hypothermia or whole-body cooling started either 30 minutes or 5 hours after occlusion and continued for 72 hours.
Results—Early but not delayed hypothermia reduced neuronal loss and microglial induction in the striatum, with faster recovery of spectral edge frequency, reduced seizure burden, and less suppression of electroencephalographic amplitude (P<0.05).
Conclusions—Recovery of higher electroencephalographic frequencies may be a biomarker of effective hypothermic neuroprotection in the preterm-equivalent brain.
- Received December 15, 2014.
- Revision received December 15, 2014.
- Accepted December 17, 2014.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.