Regional Availability of Mechanical Embolectomy for Acute Ischemic Stroke in California, 2009 to 2010
Background and Purpose—We sought to assess the geographic proximity of patients with stroke in California to centers that performed specific threshold volumes of mechanical embolectomy procedures each year.
Methods—We identified all patients who were hospitalized for acute ischemic stroke at all nonfederal acute care hospitals in California from 2009 to 2010, and all hospitals that performed any mechanical embolectomy procedures by case volume during the same period, using nonpublic data from the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development. We computed geographic service areas around each hospital on the basis of prespecified ground transport distance thresholds. We then calculated the proportion of hospitalized patients with stroke who lived within service areas for centers that performed a low volume and high volume of mechanical embolectomy procedures each year.
Results—During the 2-year study period, 15% (53/360) of hospitals performed at least 1 mechanical embolectomy for acute stroke, but only 19% (10/53) performed >10 cases per year. Most hospitalized patients with stroke (94%) lived within a 2-hour transport time (65 miles) to a hospital that performed ≥1 procedure during the 2-year period. Approximately 93% of the patients with stroke who received mechanical embolectomy lived within 20 miles from an embolectomy-capable hospital compared with 7% of those who lived >20 miles.
Conclusions—In California, most patients with stroke lived within reasonable ground transport distances from centers that performed ≥1 mechanical embolectomy in a 2-year period. The probability of receiving mechanical embolectomy for acute ischemic stroke was associated with living in close geographic proximity to these hospitals.
- Received December 5, 2014.
- Revision received December 30, 2014.
- Accepted December 31, 2014.
- © 2015 The Authors.
Stroke is published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wolters Kluwer. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.