Dynamic Evolution of Diffusion-Weighted Imaging Lesions in Patients With Minor Ischemic Stroke
Background and Purpose—Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion volume on magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly being used as a surrogate outcome measure in clinical trials. We aimed to characterize the evolution of DWI lesion volumes within 30 days of symptom onset after minor stroke.
Methods—Minor stroke patients with DWI lesions on magnetic resonance imaging within 48 hours of symptom onset were prospectively followed with magnetic resonance imaging brain scan at 7 and 30 days. Change in the lesion volume was defined as the difference between day 30 Fluid-Attenuated Inversion Recovery and baseline DWI lesion volumes.
Results—Three patterns of infarct evolution were observed: reduction (72 [63%]), no change (26 [23%]), and growth (16 [14%]). Patients with infarct reduction at 30 days had larger baseline DWI lesion volumes (2.5 [0.9–8.5] mL) than those with stable infarcts (0.5 [0.3–0.9] mL; P=0.01). Complete DWI reversal at day 30, was seen in only 6 (5.3%) patients.
Conclusions—The most common pattern of infarct evolution in patients with minor stroke is a reduction in volume, but complete resolution is uncommon.
- Received April 14, 2015.
- Revision received May 13, 2015.
- Accepted May 15, 2015.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.