Clinical Implications of Changes in Individual Platelet Reactivity to Aspirin Over Time in Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background and Purpose—Time-dependent changes in individual platelet reactivity have been detected in patients with coronary artery disease. Therefore, we sought to evaluate the time-dependent changes in platelet reactivity to aspirin during the acute stage after ischemic stroke and the clinical implications of variable patient responses to aspirin in acute ischemic stroke.
Methods—We conducted a single-center, prospective, observational study. The acute aspirin reaction unit (ARU) was measured after 3 hours of aspirin loading, with higher values indicating increased platelet reactivity despite aspirin therapy. The follow-up ARU was measured on the fifth day of consecutive aspirin intake. The numeric difference between the follow-up ARU and the acute ARU was defined as ∆ARU and was stratified into quartiles. Early neurological deterioration was regarded as an early clinical outcome.
Results—Both the acute ARU (476±69 IU) and the follow-up ARU (451±68 IU) were measured in 349 patients in this study. Early neurological deterioration was observed in 72 patients (20.6%). Changes in aspirin platelet reactivity over time showed an approximately Gaussian distribution. The highest ∆ARU quartile was independently associated with early neurological deterioration (odds ratio, 3.19; 95% confidence interval, 1.43–7.10; P=0.005) by multivariate logistic regression analysis.
Conclusions—The results of our study showed that the increase in platelet reactivity to aspirin over time is independently associated with early neurological deterioration in patients with acute ischemic stroke. In addition, during the acute stage of ischemic stroke, serial platelet reactivity assays may be more useful than a single assay for identifying the clinical implications of aspirin platelet reactivity after ischemic stroke.
- Received March 13, 2015.
- Revision received June 16, 2015.
- Accepted June 22, 2015.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.