Trends in Stroke Incidence and 28-Day Case Fatality in a Nationwide Stroke Registry of a Multiethnic Asian Population
Background and Purpose—This study investigated trends in stroke incidence and case fatality overall and according to sex, age, ethnicity, and stroke subtype in a multiethnic Asian population.
Methods—The Singapore Stroke Registry identifies all stroke cases in all public hospitals using medical claims, hospital discharge summaries, and death registry data. Age-standardized incidence rates and 28-day case-fatality rates were calculated for individuals aged ≥15 years between 2006 and 2012. To estimate the annual percentage change of the rates, a linear regression model was fitted to the log rates, and a Wald test was performed to test for trend. P values <0.05 were considered significant.
Results—A total of 40 623 cases were recorded. The total stroke incidence fell by ≈12.0%, and case fatality fell by 17.2% in the study. Declining trends in stroke incidence were stronger in women (female: −2.94; 95% confidence interval [CI], −3.43 to −2.44; male: −1.80; 95% CI, −2.58 to −1.02); in the older age groups (≥65 years: −3.62; 95% CI, −4.30 to −2.94; 50–64 years: −1.26; 95% CI, −1.97 to −0.55; <50 years: 3.33; 95% CI, 1.49 to 5.20), in Chinese (−2.64; 95% CI, −3.15 to −2.13), Indians (−3.78; 95% CI, −5.93 to −1.58), and others (−12.73; 95% CI, −18.93 to −6.06) compared with Malays (2.58; 95% CI, 1.17 to 4.02); and in ischemic stroke subtype (ischemic: −2.43; 95% CI, −3.13 to −1.73; hemorrhagic: −1.02; 95% CI, −2.04 to 0.01). Subgroup-specific findings for case fatality were similar.
Conclusion—This is the first countrywide hospital-based registry study in a multiethnic Asian population, and it revealed marked overall reductions in stroke incidence and case fatality. However, it also identified important population groups with less favorable trends, especially younger adults and those of Malay ethnicity.
- Received April 22, 2015.
- Revision received July 5, 2015.
- Accepted July 21, 2015.
- © 2015 American Heart Association, Inc.