Temporal Course of Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation in Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage
Background and Purpose—Cerebral autoregulation is crucial in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Dynamic cerebral autoregulation is probably altered in acute intracerebral hemorrhage; however, the temporal course of dynamic cerebral autoregulation and its correlation with clinical factors and outcomes are poorly understood.
Methods—Forty-three acute supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage patients (53.7±10.0 years old, 30 men) were enrolled for serial measurements performed on days 1 to 2, 4 to 6, 10 to 12, and 30 days after ictus. Noninvasive continuous cerebral blood flow velocity and arterial blood pressure were recorded simultaneously using transcranial Doppler and a servo-controlled plethysmograph, respectively. Transfer function analysis was used to derive the autoregulatory parameters, including phase difference (PD), gain, and the rate of recovery of cerebral blood flow velocity. Results were compared with healthy controls and correlated with clinical factors and the 90-day outcome.
Results—PD did not differ between affected and unaffected hemispheres over time. A significant lower PD (indicating dynamic cerebral autoregulation impaired) was found in bilateral hemispheres on days 1 to 2, 4 to 6, and 10 to 12, followed by later recovery on day 30. Lower bilateral PD on days 1 to 2 was associated with poorer Glasgow Coma Scale score at that time. Lower affected-side PD on days 4 to 6 was an independent predictive value for a poorer modified Rankin Scale at 90 days.
Conclusions—In patients with supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage, dynamic cerebral autoregulation is bilaterally impaired lasting at least 10 to 12 days and recovers within a month. Individual PD value is associated with clinical status at acute stage and affected-side PD on days 4 to 6 can be an independent predictor for clinical outcome.
- Received September 8, 2015.
- Revision received December 30, 2015.
- Accepted December 31, 2015.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.