Determining the Number of Ischemic Strokes Potentially Eligible for Endovascular Thrombectomy
A Population-Based Study
Background and Purpose—Endovascular thrombectomy (ET) is standard-of-care for ischemic stroke patients with large vessel occlusion, but estimates of potentially eligible patients from population-based studies have not been published. Such data are urgently needed to rationally plan hyperacute services. Retrospective analysis determined the incidence of ET-eligible ischemic strokes in a comprehensive population-based stroke study (Adelaide, Australia 2009–2010).
Methods—Stroke patients were stratified via a prespecified eligibility algorithm derived from recent ET trials comprising stroke subtype, pathogenesis, severity, premorbid modified Rankin Score, presentation delay, large vessel occlusion, and target mismatch penumbra. Recognizing centers may interpret recent ET trials either loosely or rigidly; 2 eligibility algorithms were applied: restrictive (key criteria modified Rankin Scale score 0–1, presentation delay <3.5 hours, and target mismatch penumbra) and permissive (modified Rankin Scale score 0–3 and presentation delay <5 hours).
Results—In a population of 148 027 people, 318 strokes occurred in the 1-year study period (crude attack rate 215 [192–240] per 100 000 person-years). The number of ischemic strokes eligible by restrictive criteria was 17/258 (7%; 95% confidence intervals 4%–10%) and by permissive criteria, an additional 16 were identified, total 33/258 (13%; 95% confidence intervals 9%–18%). Two of 17 patients (and 6/33 permissive patients) had thrombolysis contraindications. Using the restrictive algorithm, there were 11 (95% confidence intervals 4–18) potential ET cases per 100 000 person-years or 22 (95% confidence intervals 13–31) using the permissive algorithm.
Conclusions—In this cohort, ≈7% of ischemic strokes were potentially eligible for ET (13% with permissive criteria). In similar populations, the permissive criteria predict that ≤22 strokes per 100 000 person-years may be eligible for ET.
- Received February 17, 2016.
- Revision received February 17, 2016.
- Accepted February 22, 2016.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.