Utility of Computed Tomographic Perfusion in Thrombolysis for Minor Stroke
Background and Purpose—The use of thrombolysis in acute minor ischemic stroke (MIS) remains controversial. We sought to determine the safety and efficacy of intravenous tissue-type plasminogen activator (IV-tPA) in acute MIS patients with demonstrable penumbra on computed tomographic perfusion study.
Methods—Consecutive MIS patients with National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale ≤3 were identified from a prospective single tertiary-center database over a 4.5-year period (2011–2015). Cases with demonstrable penumbra were analyzed according to treatment received: IV-tPA versus standard stroke-unit care without thrombolysis.
Results—Seventy-three patients of 195 acute MIS admissions had a demonstrable penumbra (34 IV-tPA versus 39 standard stroke-unit care). Overall median National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and premorbid modified Rankin Scale were 2 and 0, respectively. Median age was 73.2 (interquartile range, 67.3–82.8) years. There were no differences in baseline demographics, risk factors, stroke localization and cause, rates of vascular occlusion (38.2% versus 38.5%; P=1.000), or mean penumbral volume (41.3 versus 25.1 mL; P=0.150; IV-tPA versus standard stroke-unit care) between groups. There were no symptomatic intracerebral hemorrhages in either group. Patients treated with IV-tPA were more likely to have an excellent functional outcome at discharge (88.2% versus 53.9%; P=0.002) and 90 days (91.2% versus 71.8%; P=0.042). Ordinal analysis demonstrated a favorable shift in modified Rankin Scale with IV-tPA both at discharge (odds ratio, 5.23; 95% confidence interval, 1.83–12.20) and 90 days (odds ratio, 4.35; 95% confidence interval, 1.77–11.36).
Conclusions—In selected MIS patients with demonstrable penumbra on computed tomographic perfusion, IV-tPA is safe and associated with significant improvement in functional outcome at discharge and 90 days.
- Received February 3, 2016.
- Revision received March 22, 2016.
- Accepted April 13, 2016.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.