Prescription of Guideline-Based Medical Therapies at Discharge After Carotid Artery Stenting and Endarterectomy
An NCDR Analysis
Background and Purpose—Carotid artery revascularization was previously found to incrementally reduce stroke risk among patients with carotid stenosis treated with medical therapy. However, the frequency with which optimal medical therapies are used at discharge after carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) is not known, and the influence of patient, operator, and hospital characteristics on the likelihood of prescription is poorly understood.
Methods—In a retrospective cohort study of 23 112 patients undergoing CAS or CEA between January 2007 and June 2012 at US hospitals participating in the CARE registry (Carotid Artery Revascularization and Endarterectomy), we examined antiplatelet therapy and statin utilization at discharge. Hierarchical multivariable logistic regression was used in adjusted analyses.
Results—Antiplatelet agents and statins were prescribed at discharge in 99% and 78%, respectively, after CAS and 93% and 75%, respectively, after CEA. After adjustment, antiplatelet therapy was more often prescribed after CAS than CEA (odds ratio 2.4 [95% confidence interval 1.68–3.45]), but statin prescription was equally likely (odds ratio 1.11 [95% confidence interval 0.84–1.49]). Operator specialty (medical>radiology/surgery) and hospital community setting (suburban>urban>rural) independently predicted antiplatelet and statin agent use at discharge, whereas hospital geographic location (Northeast>Midwest/South>West) predicted use of statins but not antiplatelet therapy at discharge.
Conclusions—US antiplatelet agent and statin discharge prescription rates were suboptimal after both CAS and CEA and varied by revascularization modality, operating physician specialty, and hospital characteristics. Improved and more uniform utilization after these procedures will be critical to the success of comprehensive stroke risk reduction efforts.
- Received January 30, 2016.
- Revision received June 12, 2016.
- Accepted June 21, 2016.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.