Sex Disparities in Ischemic Stroke Care
FL-PR CReSD Study (Florida–Puerto Rico Collaboration to Reduce Stroke Disparities)
Background and Purpose—Sex-specific disparities in stroke care including thrombolytic therapy and early hospital admission are reported. In a large registry of Florida and Puerto Rico hospitals participating in the Get With The Guidelines—Stroke program, we sought to determine sex-specific differences in ischemic stroke performance metrics and overall thrombolytic treatment.
Methods—Around 51 317 (49% women) patients were included from 73 sites from 2010 to 2014. Multivariable logistic regression with generalized estimating equations evaluated sex-specific differences in the prespecified Get With The Guidelines—Stroke metrics for defect-free care in ischemic stroke, adjusting for age, race-ethnicity, insurance status, hospital characteristics, individual risk factors, and the presenting stroke severity.
Results—As compared with men, women were older (73±15 versus 69±14 years; P<0.0001), more hypertensive (67% versus 63%, P<0.0001), and had more atrial fibrillation (19% versus 16%; P<0.0001). Defect-free care was slightly lower in women than in men (odds ratio, 0.96; 95% confidence interval, 0.93–1.00). Temporal trends in defect-free care improved substantially and similarly for men and women, with a 29% absolute improvement in women (P<0.0001) and 28% in men (P<0.0001), with P value of 0.13 for time-by-sex interaction. Women were less likely to receive thrombolysis (odds ratio, 0.92; 95% confidence interval, 0.86–0.99; P=0.02) and less likely to have a door-to-needle time <1hour (odds ratio, 0.83; 95% confidence interval, 0.71–0.97; P=0.02) as compared with men.
Conclusions—Women received comparable stroke care to men in this registry as measured by prespecified Get With The Guidelines metrics. However, women less likely received thrombolysis and had door-to-needle time <1 hour, an observation that calls for the implementation of interventions to reduce sex disparity in these measures.
- Get With The Guidelines
- National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
- sex characteristics
- Received March 3, 2016.
- Revision received July 14, 2016.
- Accepted July 19, 2016.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.