Antiphosphatidylserine Antibodies and Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke
Background and Purpose—Antiphosphatidylserine antibodies (aPS) have been associated with the risk of ischemic stroke. However, it remains unclear whether aPS will influence clinical outcomes in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
Methods—A total of 3013 patients with acute ischemic stroke recruited from 26 hospitals across China from August 2009 to May 2013 were included in the study The primary outcome was a combination of death and major disability (modified Rankin Scale score ≥3) at 3 months after stroke. Secondary outcomes included death, major disability, recurrent stroke, and vascular events.
Results—Composite outcome of death and major disability rates were 29.1% versus 23.9% in aPS-positive and aPS-negative groups. Compared with aPS-negative, adjusted odds ratios or hazard ratios (95% confidence interval) associated with aPS-positive were 1.35 (1.07–1.71), 1.63 (0.99–2.69), and 1.25 (0.98–1.59) for composite outcome of death or major disability, death, and major disability, respectively. For 1 interquartile range increase of aPS, the adjusted odds ratios or hazard ratios were 1.10 (1.01–1.20), 1.19 (1.05–1.35), and 1.05 (0.96–1.14), respectively. Adding aPS status to a model containing conventional risk factors improved risk prediction for composite outcome of death or major disability (net reclassification improvement index=11.3%, P=0.006; integrated discrimination improvement=0.2%, P=0.04). There was no significant association between aPS and risks of recurrent stroke and vascular events.
Conclusions—We found that positive aPS increased risks of death or major disability at 3 months after an acute ischemic stroke, suggesting that aPS might be a prognostic marker for ischemic stroke.
- Received April 21, 2016.
- Revision received September 7, 2016.
- Accepted September 16, 2016.
- © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.