Cortical Venous Redness Represents Tissue Circulation Status in Patients With Moyamoya Disease
Background and Purpose—Venous oxygen saturation (SO2) is measured in medical fields to assess tissue circulation insufficiency. This study aimed to elucidate the use of a cortical venous redness measurement to evaluate hemodynamic changes during revascularization surgery for patients with moyamoya disease.
Methods—In this retrospective case-series analysis, we first quantitatively measured and correlated SO2 and R intensity of 24-bit color digital red–green–blue pictures of blood samples from 3 volunteers. Subsequently, based on intraoperative digital pictures of 29 patients with moyamoya disease, we measured the R intensities of a cortical vein near the anastomosis site before and after anastomosis. Cerebral blood flow (CBF) at the site was measured using a single-photon emission computed tomography before and 1 to 3 days after surgery. Venous R intensity and CBF were measured twice by 4 raters, and their correlations were examined using generalized linear mixed effect model and linear regression analysis.
Results—A strong linear correlation was found between blood R intensity and its SO2 (coefficients, 0.522; 95% confidence interval, 0.364–0.680, using generalized linear mixed effect model). Venous R intensity before the anastomosis was not correlated with preoperative CBF (coefficients, 0.000352; 95% confidence interval, −0.000369 to 0.00107, by generalized linear mixed effect); however, the increases in venous R intensity after anastomosis were correlated with postoperative increases in CBF (R2, 0.367; 95% confidence interval, 0.116–0.618 to 0.548; 95% confidence interval, 0.331–0.764, by linear regression analysis).
Conclusions—Cortical venous redness represented impaired CBF and could be a useful parameter for assessing hemodynamic changes during revascularization surgery.
- Received September 4, 2016.
- Revision received March 8, 2017.
- Accepted March 14, 2017.
- © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.